The Teide is an active volcano which brought out for the last time his voice in 1909. The tranquility of this majestic creation of nature has made us forget that could once again erupt at any moment. Today he is remembered for being, at 3,718 meters, the highest mountain of Spain and the beautiful nature that has grown in this place defended as a National Park since 1954.
The volcanic cones and lava flows, which for centuries have been stratified, they created a remarkable landscape, shape and colori.Anche the biological richness is no less, and there are species of trees, plants and animals that live only in this park . It is equally amazing to find in one place, banana trees, hill forests, forests alpine.Anche if Tenerife is much more relaxing on the beach numb, who goes on this island should not miss a climb to Pico Veii, the top of the volcano.
As you climb, we not only affects the lush vegetation but also the contrast between the temperature becomes cool, then winter, and the landscape of the beaches of Tenerife where people go to the beach to cool off. This mountain has always played a vital role in the life of the island, especially for the Guanches, the original inhabitants of the Canary Islands.
The Guanches called the Teide «Echeyde», which means «House of Guayota,» the Devil. According to their tradition Guayota seized the God of the Sun, Magec, and brought him to the center of bringing darkness Teide on Tenerife. The Guanches then asked for help from Achamán, supreme heavenly ladies who freed the Sun and closed the evil in the volcano, plugging the mouth of the cone with the Pan de Azucar, the last cone which crowns the Teide, visible even today. It looks like the birth of this legend coincides with the last major eruption of Mount Teide, which took place in 1798.
The park has 4 access routes. We recommend you download the map that the park authorities provide.
From the north: road TF-21 (C-821) from La Orotava to Las Caadas (Portillo de la Villa) (31 km).
From the east: ridge road TF-24 (C-824) which starts from La Laguna to El Portillo de la Villa (30 km).
From the south: TF-21 road, (C-821) from Granadilla, through Vilaflor to Las Caadas (Boca de Tauce) (57.5 km). From the west: road TF-38 (C-823) from Las Choa Caadas (Boca de Tauce) (8.3 km).
Who has the car can get to the Teide by public bus. The lines that come to us are: Line 348 from Puerto de la Cruz and Line 342 from Playa de las Americas
Two tips: if you arrive at Teide by public transportation, check the schedules for the last race. If you arrive by car, check the closing times of the parking lots.
The park has two visitor centers, access points to the park. The main entrance is El Portillo, a facility that houses bars, restaurants and a garden and is open to the public from 9 to 21. You can get there by crossing the road TF-21, the road that comes from the north or the TF 24 which starts from Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Inside the center there is an exhibition that illustrates how it is formed with the Teide photographs, videos, interactive simulations. Admission is free. The other is the Visitor Center Caada de Blanca which is situated in an exceptional location, just in front of the Garca de los Roques, close to the Parador Nacional, the only building in the park. In this center shows the evolution of that area of the park called Caadas, with a special section devoted to the Guanche culture and its relationship with Las Caadas and the Teide, the Guanches considered sacred.
Hiking on Teide
You can climb up to Mount Teide on foot or by cable car. The first route, even if it is the one that allows you to better enjoy the beautiful nature of the park, is reserved for only the most adventurous and trained. In fact, it takes about 6 hours of walking through a path that starts from the area of Montaña Blanca, the point that you meet on the road T-24 that runs through the park. It is the only path authorized by the authorities of the park. Also from the T-24 apart from the cable car, which leads to the area of Rambleta at 3,555 meters above sea level. The rest of the climb to the summit just over 200 meters, is called «sendero Telesforo Bravo» but must be authorized by a permit that is asked in advance, in person, by fax or email the Office of the Parque Nacional del Teide is located in Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Here are the references to ask for permission:
The permit covers a maximum of 10 people. Without permission, you can still follow other paths which always start from the spectacular Rambleta and go toward the miradores of Fortaleza and Pico Viejo; allow superb views across Tenerife and the other Canary Islands.
Schedules and costs of Cableway
The hours for the ascent ranging from 9 to 16. The last race is to go down to 17. Please note that these times are dependent on the mercy of time. If it’s windy, the cable car change the opening hours. The ticket price is 22 euro round trip, 11 only one race.
What to see
It ‘sa bit hard to say what to see in Teide National Park, perhaps the best thing to do is to simply observe the changing colors of the landscape and as you go up or goes around the volcano. However, there are some areas of the volcano, which by their physical conformation attract many visitors. It ‘s the case of the Roques de Garcia and de Las Canadas. Rocks of Garcia are rock formations that can be defined as «surreal.» The sun, wind, water, snow, have eroded huge blocks of lava stone giving them strange shapes, the most famous are: el roque Cinchado, motions that locals call «Arbol de piedra,» stone tree or even «roque de mil pesetas billete of the Town», «rock of the old ticket from 1000 pesetas» because of its similarity to the profile that was on this note; equally famous is the «Finger of God», a rock formation pointed towards the sky recalls the finger of God the Creator painted by Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel. Near the Roques de Garcia is the only accommodation authorized the Park, the Parador, mountain style with only 34 rooms, a restaurant serving only local cuisine and a strordinaria views of the Teide. Also in this area there are Los Azulejos, lava formations taking greenish due to the strong presence of iron oxide. In the area of Las Canadas, you can see the internal structure of the old volcanic edifice and read the eruptive history of about 3 million years. Las Caadas is one of the largest volcanic cones in the world, with an aperture of about 45 km perimeter. Finally, many of the most beautiful things in the park are invisible, there are about 700 species of invertebrates including frogs, snakes, lizards, of which almost 70% live only here and nowhere else in the world.
Tips for Visiting
Almost all of the park is over 2,000 meters high. So even if you are in the Canaries, forget the sun and the beaches: Mount Teide is fresh, not to mention cold. Here are some tips:
Dress in layers, so you can adjust the clothing to the variable climate.
Put shoes, possibly Trekking
Bring a sunscreen and protect yourself exposed parts of the body. It ‘also very useful a hat.
Do not miss: Teide is an immense territory, do not do the little adventurous hikers coming from the marked trails. You’ll miss it for sure.
Attention to oxygen: the higher you climb, the air becomes more rarefied. The climb to the top is therefore not recommended for people with cardiopulmonary problems.